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Aci code 318 14 free download pdf

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Some of the considerations of the committee in developing the Code are discussed within the Commentary, with emphasis given to the explanation of new or revised provisions. Much of the research data referenced in preparing the Code is cited for the user desiring to study individual questions in greater detail. Other documents that provide suggestions for carrying out the requirements of the Code are also cited.

Transition keys showing how the code was reorganized are provided on the ACI website on the Resource Page under Topics in Concrete. This commentary R is intended for the use of individuals who are competent to evaluate the significance and limitations of its content and recommendations and who will accept responsibility for the application of the information it contains.

ACI disclaims any and all responsibility for the stated principles. The Institute shall not be liable for any loss or damage arising there from. Reference to this document shall not be made in contract documents. The materials, processes, quality control measures, and inspections described in this document should be tested, monitored, or performed as applicable only by individuals holding the appropriate ACI Certification or equivalent.

These are two separate but coordinated documents, with Code text placed in the left column and the corresponding Commentary text aligned in the right column. Each document carries a separate enforceable and distinct copyright. Emphasis is given to the explanation of new or revised provisions that may be unfamiliar to Code users.

In addition, comments are included for some items contained in previous editions of the Code to make the present commentary inde- pendent of the previous editions. Comments on specific provisions are made under the corresponding chapter and section numbers of the Code. However, references to some of the research data are provided for those who wish to study the background material in depth. The Code is intended to cover all buildings of the usual types, both large and small.

Requirements more stringent than the Code provisions may be desirable for unusual construction. The Code and Commentary cannot replace sound engineering knowledge, experience, and judgment. A building code states only the minimum requirements necessary to provide for public health and safety. The Code is based on this principle. For any structure, the owner or the licensed design professional may require the quality of materials and construction to be higher than the minimum requirements necessary to protect the public as stated in the Code.

However, lower standards are not permitted. The Commentary directs attention to other documents that provide suggestions for carrying out the requirements and intent of the Code. However, those documents and the Commentary are not a part of the Code. The Code has no legal status unless it is adopted by the government bodies having the police power to regulate building design and construction. Where the Code has not been adopted, it may serve as a reference to good practice even though it has no legal status.

The Code provides a means of establishing minimum standards for acceptance of designs and construction by legally appointed building officials or their designated repre- sentatives. The Code and Commentary are not intended for use in settling disputes between the owner, engineer, archi- tect, contractor, or their agents, subcontractors, material suppliers, or testing agencies. Therefore, the Code cannot define the contract responsibility of each of the parties in usual construction.

General references requiring compli- ance with the Code in the project specifications should be avoided since the contractor is rarely in a position to accept responsibility for design details or construction require- ments that depend on a detailed knowledge of the design. Design-build construction contractors, however, typically combine the design and construction responsibility.

Gener- ally, the contract documents should contain all of the neces- sary requirements to ensure compliance with the Code. In part, this can be accomplished by reference to specific Code sections in the project specifications. It is recommended to have testing and certification programs for the individual parties involved with the execu- tion of work performed in accordance with this Code. Design reference materials illustrating applications of the Code requirements may be found in the following docu- ments.

The design aids listed may be obtained from the sponsoring organization. This provides tables and charts for design of eccentrically loaded columns by the Strength Design Method of the Code.

Provides design aids for use in the engineering design and analysis of reinforced concrete slab systems carrying loads by two-way action. Design aids are also provided for the selection of slab thickness and for reinforcement required to control deformation and assure adequate shear and flexural strengths. For a discussion of code philosophy, see Siess, C. Provides recommended methods and standards for preparing engineering drawings, typical details, and drawings placing reinforcing steel in rein- forced concrete structures.

Separate sections define respon- sibilities of both engineer and reinforcing bar detailer. This describes specific types of concrete deterioration. It contains a discussion of the mech- anisms involved in deterioration and the recommended requirements for individual components of the concrete, quality considerations for concrete mixtures, construction procedures, and influences of the exposure environment.

This summarizes practical information regarding design of parking structures for durability. It also includes information about design issues related to parking structure construction and maintenance.

This provides tabulated designs for structural elements and slab systems. Design examples are provided to show the basis and use of the load tables. Tabulated designs are given for beams; square, round, and rectangular columns; one-way slabs; and one-way joist construction. The design tables for two-way slab systems include flat plates, flat slabs, and waffle slabs.

The chapters on foundations provide design tables for square footings, pile caps, drilled piers caissons , and cantilevered retaining walls. Other design aids are presented for crack control and development of reinforcement and lap splices. This provides accepted practices in splicing reinforcement. The use of lap splices, mechanical splices, and welded splices are described. Design data are presented for development and lap splicing of reinforcement.

This describes welded wire reinforcement material, gives nomenclature and wire size and weight tables. Lists specifications and prop- erties and manufacturing limitations. Book has latest code requirements as code affects welded wire. Also gives devel- opment length and splice length tables.

Manual contains customary units and soft metric units. In addition, there are tables to compare areas and spacings of high-strength welded wire with conventional reinforcing.

This provides load tables for common industry products, and procedures for design and analysis of precast and prestressed elements and struc- tures composed of these elements. Provides design aids and examples. This updates available information on design of connections for both structural and architectural products, and presents a full spectrum of typical details.

This provides design aids and examples. This provides comprehensive coverage of post-tensioning systems, specifications, design aids, and construction concepts. When adopted, this Code forms part of the general building code. This Code is substantially reorganized from the previous version, ACI This chapter includes a number of provisions that explain where this Code applies and how it is to be interpreted. The licensed design professional may specify project requirements that exceed the minimum requirements of this Code.

This Code does not provide a comprehensive statement of all duties of all parties to a contract or all requirements of a contract for a project constructed under this Code. Many Code provisions, however, such as concrete quality and design principles, are applicable for these structures. The SDI standard refers to this Code for the design and construction of the structural concrete slab. Concrete used in the construction of such slabs shall be governed by this Code, where applicable.

Portions of such slabs designed as reinforced concrete are governed by this Code. Multiple single-family dwellings include structures such as townhomes. Recommendations for concrete piles are given in ACI R. Recommendations for drilled piers are given in ACI Refer to The report addresses the planning, design, and detailing of the slabs. Background informa- tion on the design theories is followed by discussion of the soil support system, loadings, and types of slabs.

Design methods are given for structural plain concrete, reinforced concrete, shrinkage-compensating concrete, and post-tensioned concrete slabs. The standard refers to the appropriate portions of this Code for the design and construction of the concrete portion of the composite assembly. SDI C also provides guidance for design of composite-concrete-steel deck slabs.

The design of negative moment reinforcement to create continuity at supports is a common example where a portion of the slab is designed in conformance with this Code. The Commentary is intended to provide contextual informa- tion, but is not part of this Code, does not provide binding requirements, and shall not be used to create a conflict with or ambiguity in this Code.

Specific provisions shall govern over general provisions. Specific definitions of words and terms in this Code shall be used where provided and applicable, regardless of whether other materials, standards, or resources outside of this Code provide a different definition. Specific provisions, such as explicit reinforcement distribution requirements for crack control, govern over the general provisions.

Dictionaries and other refer- ence materials commonly used by licensed design profes- sionals may be used as secondary resources.

This severability requirement is intended to preserve this Code and allow it to be implemented to the extent possible following legal decisions affecting one or more of its provisions. Sign up Sign in. Checking for file health See more. Most Popular.

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Russell M. Saiid Saiidi Andrea J. Schokker John F. Silva John F. Stanton Roberto Stark Bruce A. Suprenant John W. Wallace W. Jason Weiss Fernando V. Placencia Oscar M. Alcocer John E. Breen Neil M. Hawkins H. Lew James G. MacGregor Robert F. Mast Julio A. Ramirez Charles G. All rights reserved including rights of reproduction and use in any form or by any means, including the making of copies by any photo process, or by electronic or mechanical device, printed, written, or oral, or recording for sound or visual reproduc- tion or for use in any knowledge or retrieval system or device, unless permission in writing is obtained from the copyright proprietors.

All rights reserved. This material may not be reproduced or copied, in whole or part, in any printed, mechanical, electronic, film, or other distribution and storage media, without the written consent of ACI.

The technical committees responsible for ACI committee reports and standards strive to avoid ambiguities, omissions, and errors in these documents. In spite of these efforts, the users of ACI documents occasionally find information or requirements that may be subject to more than one interpretation or may be incomplete or incorrect.

Proper use of this document includes periodically checking for errata for the most up-to-date revisions. ACI committee documents are intended for the use of individuals who are competent to evaluate the significance and limitations of its content and recommendations and who will accept responsibility for the application of the material it contains.

Individuals who use this publication in any way assume all risk and accept total responsibility for the application and use of this information. ACI and its members disclaim liability for damages of any kind, including any special, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including without limitation, lost revenues or lost profits, which may result from the use of this publication.

It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish health and safety practices appropriate to the specific circumstances involved with its use. ACI does not make any representations with regard to health and safety issues and the use of this document. The user must determine the applicability of all regulatory limitations before applying the document and must comply with all applicable laws and regulations, including but not limited to, United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA health and safety standards.

Participation by governmental representatives in the work of the American Concrete Institute and in the development of Institute standards does not constitute governmental endorsement of ACI or the standards that it develops. This Code addresses struc- tural systems, members, and connections, including cast-in-place, precast, plain, nonprestressed, prestressed, and composite construction.

Among the subjects covered are: design and construction for strength, serviceability, and durability; load combi- nations, load factors, and strength reduction factors; structural analysis methods; deflection limits; mechanical and adhesive anchoring to concrete; development and splicing of reinforcement; construction document information; field inspection and testing; and methods to evaluate the strength of existing structures.

The Code user will find that ACI has been substantially reorganized and reformatted from previous editions. The principal objectives of this reorganization are to present all design and detailing requirements for structural systems or for indi- vidual members in chapters devoted to those individual subjects, and to arrange the chapters in a manner that generally follows the process and chronology of design and construction.

Information and procedures that are common to the design of members are located in utility chapters. The quality and testing of materials used in construction are covered by reference to the appropriate ASTM standard speci- fications. Uses of the Code include adoption by reference in a general building code, and earlier editions have been widely used in this manner. The Code is written in a format that allows such reference without change to its language.

Therefore, background details or suggestions for carrying out the requirements or intent of the Code provisions cannot be included within the Code itself.

The Commentary is provided for this purpose. Some of the considerations of the committee in developing the Code are discussed within the Commentary, with emphasis given to the explanation of new or revised provisions. Much of the research data referenced in preparing the Code is cited for the user desiring to study individual questions in greater detail. Other documents that provide suggestions for carrying out the requirements of the Code are also cited.

Transition keys showing how the code was reorganized are provided on the ACI website on the Resource Page under Topics in Concrete. This commentary R is intended for the use of individuals who are competent to evaluate the significance and limitations of its content and recommendations and who will accept responsibility for the application of the information it contains. ACI disclaims any and all responsibility for the stated principles. The Institute shall not be liable for any loss or damage arising there from.

Reference to this document shall not be made in contract documents. The materials, processes, quality control measures, and inspections described in this document should be tested, monitored, or performed as applicable only by individuals holding the appropriate ACI Certification or equivalent. These are two separate but coordinated documents, with Code text placed in the left column and the corresponding Commentary text aligned in the right column.

Each document carries a separate enforceable and distinct copyright. Emphasis is given to the explanation of new or revised provisions that may be unfamiliar to Code users. In addition, comments are included for some items contained in previous editions of the Code to make the present commentary inde- pendent of the previous editions.

Comments on specific provisions are made under the corresponding chapter and section numbers of the Code. However, references to some of the research data are provided for those who wish to study the background material in depth. The Code is intended to cover all buildings of the usual types, both large and small.

Requirements more stringent than the Code provisions may be desirable for unusual construction. The Code and Commentary cannot replace sound engineering knowledge, experience, and judgment. A building code states only the minimum requirements necessary to provide for public health and safety. The Code is based on this principle. For any structure, the owner or the licensed design professional may require the quality of materials and construction to be higher than the minimum requirements necessary to protect the public as stated in the Code.

However, lower standards are not permitted. The Commentary directs attention to other documents that provide suggestions for carrying out the requirements and intent of the Code. However, those documents and the Commentary are not a part of the Code.

The Code has no legal status unless it is adopted by the government bodies having the police power to regulate building design and construction. Where the Code has not been adopted, it may serve as a reference to good practice even though it has no legal status. The Code provides a means of establishing minimum standards for acceptance of designs and construction by legally appointed building officials or their designated repre- sentatives.

The Code and Commentary are not intended for use in settling disputes between the owner, engineer, archi- tect, contractor, or their agents, subcontractors, material suppliers, or testing agencies. Therefore, the Code cannot define the contract responsibility of each of the parties in usual construction.

General references requiring compli- ance with the Code in the project specifications should be avoided since the contractor is rarely in a position to accept responsibility for design details or construction require- ments that depend on a detailed knowledge of the design. Design-build construction contractors, however, typically combine the design and construction responsibility. Gener- ally, the contract documents should contain all of the neces- sary requirements to ensure compliance with the Code.

In part, this can be accomplished by reference to specific Code sections in the project specifications. It is recommended to have testing and certification programs for the individual parties involved with the execu- tion of work performed in accordance with this Code. Design reference materials illustrating applications of the Code requirements may be found in the following docu- ments. The design aids listed may be obtained from the sponsoring organization. This provides tables and charts for design of eccentrically loaded columns by the Strength Design Method of the Code.

Provides design aids for use in the engineering design and analysis of reinforced concrete slab systems carrying loads by two-way action. Design aids are also provided for the selection of slab thickness and for reinforcement required to control deformation and assure adequate shear and flexural strengths. For a discussion of code philosophy, see Siess, C. Provides recommended methods and standards for preparing engineering drawings, typical details, and drawings placing reinforcing steel in rein- forced concrete structures.

Separate sections define respon- sibilities of both engineer and reinforcing bar detailer. This describes specific types of concrete deterioration. It contains a discussion of the mech- anisms involved in deterioration and the recommended requirements for individual components of the concrete, quality considerations for concrete mixtures, construction procedures, and influences of the exposure environment.

This summarizes practical information regarding design of parking structures for durability. It also includes information about design issues related to parking structure construction and maintenance. This provides tabulated designs for structural elements and slab systems. Design examples are provided to show the basis and use of the load tables. Tabulated designs are given for beams; square, round, and rectangular columns; one-way slabs; and one-way joist construction.

The design tables for two-way slab systems include flat plates, flat slabs, and waffle slabs. The chapters on foundations provide design tables for square footings, pile caps, drilled piers caissons , and cantilevered retaining walls. Other design aids are presented for crack control and development of reinforcement and lap splices. This provides accepted practices in splicing reinforcement. The use of lap splices, mechanical splices, and welded splices are described.

Design data are presented for development and lap splicing of reinforcement. This describes welded wire reinforcement material, gives nomenclature and wire size and weight tables.

Lists specifications and prop- erties and manufacturing limitations. Book has latest code requirements as code affects welded wire. Also gives devel- opment length and splice length tables. Manual contains customary units and soft metric units. In addition, there are tables to compare areas and spacings of high-strength welded wire with conventional reinforcing. This provides load tables for common industry products, and procedures for design and analysis of precast and prestressed elements and struc- tures composed of these elements.

Provides design aids and examples. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Capture a web page as it appears now for use as a trusted citation in the future. Uploaded by Public Resource on May 26, Search icon An illustration of a magnifying glass. User icon An illustration of a person's head and chest. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book.

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